Saturday, February 2, 2013
德育历史：三贤禅位 堯是一位著名的贤君，处处为人民著想，对荣华富贵十分淡薄，住的的是简陋的茅屋，过著粗茶淡饭，勤俭朴素的生活。堯为了人民尽心尽责，但他的儿子丹朱是个不肖子。堯不愿意传闻位给儿子，准备将帝位禅让给贤人。他知道，舜是位贤孝而又有才华的年轻人，就让位给舜。 舜 是黄帝的7 世孙，名重华。 他天性笃厚，对父母十分孝顺。舜的生母死得早，后母心肠很坏。 后母生的弟弟名叫象，是个极傲慢的人。生活在这样的家庭，舜待父母、弟弟都很好。虽然家人要杀害他 （修补倉顶故事；淘井故事），舜还是像过去一样和和气气对待他的父母和弟弟。舜在位长达几十年，深受爱戴。舜也没有把王位传给儿子商均，而禅让给治水有功的禹。 禹 治水13年，三过家门而不入。他因治水而手脚肿大，汗毛尽脱。他倡导的以疏导为主的治水经验，成为后世解决社会问题的典范。到了晚年，禹 四处查访，最后推举伯益为继承人。 禹 死后，他的儿子 啓 即位，反对伯益，并杀了伯益， 夺得王位 （公元前 1988-1979年）。以前的 “禅让”制度便从这时被破坏，代之以“家天下”的王位制度代之。 Life histories of 3 great emperors in ancient China. YAO was a kind emperor who always had the peoples' interests at heart. He led a simple life with simple food. Even though he was kind-hearted, his son DAN CHOO was not a good person. YAO did not want to pass the throne to his own son. Instead, he was looking for a kind-hearted person. When he knew that SHUN was a good son who treated his parents father, step mum and step brother well even though they hated and even wanted to kill him. SHUN was well-liked by the peoples when he administered the country. SHUN did not pass on the throne to his own son either but instead to another committed person, YI. Consequently YI was also a good emperor who had his subjects at heart in whatever he planned and implemented.