Nutritionists recommend 55-70% of energy come from carbohydrates, 15-30% from fat and 10-15% from protein.
Carbohydrate is important and cereals are known to be rich in it.
Cereals are associated with whole grains such as wheat, rice, maize, oats, rye and millet.
Whole grains have a high contein of carbohydrates and nutrients.
Whole grains consist pf entire grain seed (called the kernel) which is made of 3 components: bran, germ and endosperm.
Bran and germ are rich in dietary fibre, nutrients (B vitamins such as thiamine, niacin, vitamin B6), minerals (iron, zinc, magnesium, phosphorous), and beneficial phytochemicals (phenolic compounds, phytoestrogens, plant sterols).
Endosperm is rich in starch and is a good energy source.